Imperva, the data security leader, today released a new report warning that hackers have become industrialized and represent an exponentially increased threat to individuals, organizations and Government.
Impervas report says the emerging industrialization of hacking parallels the way in which the 19th century revolution advanced methods and accelerated assembly from single to mass production. The result is that todays cybercrime industry has transformed and automated itself to improve efficiency, scalability and profitability.
The report, The Industrialization of Hacking, can be downloaded at: http://www.imperva.com/ld/industrialization.asp
As an example of this industrial revolution, Imperva has discovered a new hacker scheme that is infecting educational servers worldwide with Viagra ads that infect web users with malware when they visit the infected page on the legitimate education site. According to Imperva, cyber-criminals are using industrialized methods to automate an as-yet unreported search engine manipulation scheme that has infected hundreds, possibly thousands of .edu and .ac.uk servers worldwide with Viagra ads. This attack on academic institutions highlights how hacking has become industrialized infecting servers from major institutions including UC Berkeley, Ohio State, University of Oxford and more. Ironically, this technique is the most prevalent method used to create havoc in cyberspace, yet remains virtually unknown to the general public, explained Imperva CTO Amichai Shulman.
The mass infection can be easily seen by searching Google US with the terms Viagra and .edu: http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&source=hp&q=viagra+.edu&aq=f&aqi=g10&aql=&oq=
Or Google UK with the terms Viagra and .ac:
Key findings in the report include the organizational structure and technical innovations for automating attacks:
Organization structureOver the years, a clear definition of roles and responsibilities within the hacking community has developed to form a supply chain that resembles a drug cartel. The division of labor in todays industrialized hacking industry includes:
Researchers: A researchers sole responsibility is to hunt for vulnerabilities in applications, frameworks, and products and feed their knowledge to malicious organizations for the sake of profit.
Farmers: A farmers primary responsibility is to maintain and increase the presence of botnets in cyberspace through mass infection.
Dealers: Dealers are tasked with the distribution of malicious payloads.
Technical innovationsHacking techniques once considered cutting-edge and executed only by savvy experts are now bundled into software tools available for download. Today, the hacking community typically deploys a two-stage process designed to proliferate botnets and perform mass attacks.
o Search engine manipulation. This technique is the most prevalent method used to spread bots, yet remains virtually unknown to the general public. Essentially, attackers promote Web-link references to infected pages by leaving comment spam in online forums and by infecting legitimate sites with hidden references to infected pages. For example, a hacker may infect unsuspecting Web pages with invisible references to popular search terms, such as Britney Spears or Tiger Woods. Search engines then scour the websites reading the invisible references. As a result, these malicious websites now top search engine results. In turn, consumers unknowingly visit these sites and consequently infected their computers with the botnet software.
o Executing mass attacks through automated softwareTo gain unauthorized access into applications, dealers input email addresses and usernames as well as upload lists of anonymous proxy addresses into specialized software, the same way consumers upload addresses to distribute holiday cards. Automated attack software then performs a password attack by entering commonly used passwords. In addition, todays industrialized hackers can also input a range of URLs and obtain inadequately protected sensitive data.